In an effort to resolve the monetary crisis plaguing the country, a mint
called Casa de Moneda de Manila was established by royal decree and was
inaugurated on March 19, 1861. Gold coins of 0.875 fineness were eventually
issued dated 1861 through 1868 in denominations of 4 pesos, 2 pesos and
1 peso, and dated 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1885 in 4-peso denomination, all
bearing the name "FILIPINAS" on the reverse.
no 2-peso coins seem to have been minted in 1867; only a handful of 4-peso
coins were minted that year; none but 4-peso coins were minted bearing
dates later than 1868 and few, if any, were produced in 1883 and 1884.