Chapter 13

Adhesive GIRO stamps were created for use in the Philippines by the Royal Order of October 28, 1878. These stamps were created to replace the stamped paper for DOCUMENTOS DE GIRO (Documents for the Circulation of Money) which had been in use since 1837. The Royal Order of July 17, 1836, required Documentos de Giro to be written upon a special form of stamped paper which was issued and sold by the Government for that purpose. Four classes of documents were made subject to this stamp tax: 

1: Bills of exchange;
2: Warrants payable to order;
3: Promissory notes; and
4: Letters of credit for a fixed amount

The Royal Order of October 28, 1878, abolished the stamped paper for these documents and provided that the stamp rtax should be paid by affixing adhesive GIRO stamps to the documents. [69]

The same Royal Order, was published in a decree of the Governor-General, dated December 9, 1878. The pertinent portions of the decree are as follows:

5. In substitution  for the DOCUMENTOS DE GIRO (stamped  paper for bills of exchange and promissory notes) whose  use in these Islands the Royal Order  of the 17th of July  of 1836 established, making the law of the 26th of May 1833  extensive to the same, relative to said  particular loose (adhesive) stamps are created, which will be labeled for DOCUMENTOS DE GIRO of the following classes and prices:

1. To  draw a DOCUMENTO DE GIRO for   P250.00 or   less 20c.  de  peso
2. P250.05 to P625.00 40c
3. P625.05 to P1,250.00  75c
4. P1,250.05 to P2,500.00 1.50 peso
5. P2,500.05 to P3,750.00 2.25
6. P3,750.05 to P5,000.00 3.00
7. P5,000.05 to P6,250.00 3.75
8. P6,250.05 to P7,500.00 4.50
9. P7,500.05 to P8,750.00 5.25
10. P8,750.05 to P10,000.00 6.00
11. P10,000.05 to P11,250.00 6.75
12. P11,250.05 and above 7.50

6. The  stamps for Documentos  de Giro  will express the prices and the quantity which  can be  drawn, with them.

7. He who signs a Documentos de Giro has the obligation of  putting the  corresponding   stamp on the same,  on which the date  and   signature (rubrica)  will be repeated.     The  merchants who use  a  private seal (timbre) may stamp it instead of the signature on the  mentioned  stamp.  When he who signs the document has failed to cancel the   stamp in  the manner  indicated, that  lack may be  repaired by the drawee (tomador), or  by  any of the endorsers, putting the date  on which the cancellation takes place by which he will avoid his responsibility and it will be exacted only from  the previous   endorsers and the drawer.

8. On Documentos  de Giro  preceding   from  foreign countries, the first endorser in  this   Archipelago or, in case of his failure, the person who presents them for payment  must put the loose (adhesive) stamp of which the preceding paragraphs treat.

9. There will be excepted from the use of  GIRO stamps, those (documents) which  are  made  in the  name and service of  the State and which the dependencies of the  Treasury verify (verifican) for  benefit  of the public.

10. When  because  of  the loss of  a  bill  of  exchange, or for any other  cause, a  second, or  more, is issued with reference to  the  prior, the  person who solicits the   issue  of  the  new document  will   furnish   the stamp. The  stamp of  the  copies  will   be  furnished by the persons who demand the  same.

11. The  stamps   for  DOCUMENTOS  DE GIRO will  be  put on  the  same face  of the paper in which the signature  of   the   drawer   is  found,  In  a  place  where it  does  not  impede  the  reading of  what  is written.   -

Likewise,  his  Majesty  has  deigned   to  order;

3, That  until   the   loose (adhesive) stamps  for Documentos  de Giro are received  in  that Archipelago, the  stamped paper (efectos) which exist created on  them or  a  specimen  of   those which the  State sells, cancelled with a notation signed  by the  drawer,  granter, etc….,  in which  is  indicated  the date and  principal,  circumstances  of   the  document   for  which   it  serves  to pay  the  tax,  is attached  to  those which  the merchants employ"……..[70]

Manila,   December   9,   1878.
The  Governor-General 

The  tariff  provided  by  Article  5  of   the   decree above  quoted  is the exact  peso-equivalent  of   the   tariff  established by  the  Royal  Order  of  July 17, 1836,  except  in the  case of  Classes 1 and  2.   The exact peso-equivalent  for  Class 1  would be P0.1875 and for Class 2 would be P0.375. The  denominations  of  these two  classes of  stamps were  evidently fixed at P0.20  and  P0.40, respectively,  In order  to  avoid  fractional  values.

The  date of  issue of  the  adhesive Giro stamps created by the decree  of October   28, 1878, is  given by  For bin as 1880,  and as  January 1880 by postage   Stamps  of  the Philippines by  Bartels,  Foster and   Palmer.  This  is probably  correct,  as there was usually an  interval of  at  least  a year  between the date  of  each Royal  Decree  and  the  actual  issue  of  the stamps  created  thereby. The writer  has been unable, however, to  verify the actual date  of  issue.